The Renaissance Period

The Neo-Renaissance was an artistic movement that was born in Florence in the 15th century. Renaissance Revival architecture is a collection of 19th century architectural styles that weren’t Greek Revival or Gothic Revival but instead drew from a variety of other classicizing Italian styles. This includes Baroque, Classical, and Renaissance architectural styles. The most well-known styles of this period are the Basilica di San Miniato al Monte as well as the Ponte Vecchio Fontana, the Duomo of Florence, the Medici Villa, and the Santa Croce Palace. Other styles that are important include the Ionian Style and the Roman Style and the Greek revival, Gothic revival and the Italianate.

Neo-Renaissance architecture has been criticized for putting too much emphasis on the aesthetics over the actual function of the building. Joseph Schumpeter pointed this out however, there was more to the architecture of the day than aesthetics. Neo-Renaissance art had the effect of awakening an ancient culture which was long lost to its practitioners. Through its structure, people came to realize that beauty wasn’t just visually appealing but that beauty was also discovered in the details, through the interplay of form and function.

Florence was the capital of the European Renaissance during the Renaissance. Many great artists, including Titian, Leonardo da Vinci and Titian were born and worked in Florence. Jan van Gogh and Gorgios dejanos were just some of the many. The city was also an important political center at the time. Neo-Renaissance Renaissance architecture is typically described as a combination of the aesthetics of both the Greek and Islamic worlds to create a unified art form that could be a blend of both East and West. The result was a move toward individualism, freedom of thought and a respect for individual artistic abilities.

Neoclassicism (also known as Romanticism) was a protest against the excesses attributed to the French Revolution. This movement had its merits. After the French Revolution, the French had become overly concerned with their freedom of expression and their ability to criticize other people. The French took to the streets and slammed the clergy, and also destruction of property. The French government took control over all universities, public buildings and the press and began to suppress any artistic expression.

The driving force behind this new movement was a desire for simplicity, a desire to return to a time before the distractions of the modern age overtaken the Renaissance. This brought about an end to the extravagant, egotistical and overstated architecture of the day. It was the simplicity that became the main focus of the Neoclassics who, for the most part, considered themselves radicals. The Neoclassics’ most significant appeal after their rejection of the excesses of French architecture was their desire to design architecture that was that was based on natural materials and shapes. As a result, Neoclassicism may be considered the most classical art of the time.

The Neo-Renaissance art style was to eventually disappear from Western society however, it had created some of the most impressive works of architecture and art. Although the Neoclassics never completely disappeared however their influence on Western art cannot be ignored. Today, buildings, artwork furniture, clothing, and furniture all bear some trace of their influence.

Neo-Renaissance architecture bears the hallmarks of Neoclassics. It is distinguished by symmetry, rectitude and a sense for balance. Neoclassicism was also extremely attuned to nature, particularly the physical world. The Vitruvian Man is one of the most popular Neo-Renaissance sculptures. Vitruvius is regarded as the founder of modernist movements. His Vitruvian statue is located in the Temple of Vitruvius. It is an ancient Roman temple made of limestone, plaster, and marble that resembles large, life-size statues.

Both classical and postmodernists have criticized Neo-Renaissance artwork for lack of artistic merit. For example, Domenico Dolce, after studying a number of the works of Vitruvius and other artists, criticized their “stature”. He felt that the statues were too simple and slender to be worthy of their highly stylized designs. Botticelli and other artists would further refine the Neoclassicism movement to create new ideas, such as Futurism.


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